This building was originally the first home of the Greek parliament. Now the building, since 1961, has been the National Historical Museum, operated by the Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece.
The museum covers Greek history from Byzantine times right up to the 20th century.
Of particular note are the collections that focus on the many noted philhellenes that supported the Greeks in their war of Independence. A celebrated example is Lord Byron’s sword.
Outside the building is a copy of Lazaros Sochos’s statue of General Theodoros Kolokotronis, with a Greek dedication that reads, “Ride on, noble commander, through the centuries, showing the nations how slaves may become free men.