This theater, though littler visited today, is arguably the most important theater of the ancient world. It was the first theater made of stone, but more importantly, it was the birthplace of Greek tragedy. Early playwrights like Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes all had their work performed here before the theater was rebuilt in stone between 342 and 326 BC.
What is visible to a visitor today, was theater reconstructed by the Romans that could seat 17,000 spectators. The Romans used it as a gladiatorial ring.
Our Lady of the Cave
This cave, sacred in ancient times to the goddess of Artemis, converted into the Byzantine chapel of Our Lady of the Cave. This was the place that mothers brought their sick children toon.
Nearby, there are two large Corinthian columns. These celebrate a win in the dramatic festival held below in the Theater of Dionysus.