The museum first opened in 1975 after the fall of the military dictatorship that ruled Greece. The galleries that are chronologically ordered and contain artifacts and exhibits from Mycenaen times all through the German occupation starting in 1941.
The Greek War of Independence is given special attention in the collections. There are numerous paintings and prints of the war’s leaders, along with countless artifacts. The death mask of the famous general Theodoris Kolokontronis is also on display. There is also a sizeable collection of Turkish uniforms and weapons.
Special mention goes to the excellent collection of sketches that detail the hardships experienced in Greece during the two world wars by the artists Floros-Karavias and Agyros.